Some Info Before You Begin
Prepare the Cuttings
Even though almost all succulents can be propagated by cutting, some are easier than others. The String of Pearls, Senecio rowleyanus, is one of these. This plant has thick, translucent leaves, which makes them ideal for propagation.
String of Pearls is one of the fastest-growing succulents, which makes it an even better candidate for propagation. If cuttings fail to root, then they simply don’t get enough water or light.
String of Pearls is also known as String of Beads. This is a unique variety that will keep you on your toes. The plant grows quickly, and the new leaves can be identified by their different shades and textures. These leaves are very small and grow on thin stems, resembling “pearls on a string.”
String of Pearls propagates quickly, which means you will have lots of “pearls” to work with.
To Propagate String of Pearls
Take a cutting from the branch at the “top of the plant,” with 1-2 leaves.
Select a cutting that has at least 3 leaves, so you have something to hold onto.
Plant the Cuttings
As we said above, the String of Pearls plant, which is also known as Senecio rowleyanus, grows easily from cuttings. You cannot grow the cuttings directly into soil. They will rot.
Remove the lower leaves from the cutting with your fingers or a sharp knife.
Prepare a pot filled with water. Make sure that the soil does not dry out.
Place the cutting in the water, and wait until it develops roots.
Finally, plant the cutting in soil with full sun exposure.
Growing Your Cuttings
Propagating string of pearls from existing plants is pretty easy. They're small and only need a few weeks to get started, so it's super convenient. Just follow these steps to help them grow:
The first time is the most critical. Create your new plants on a warm, sunny day. You can place them in a window or under a grow light, but most succulents will grow outdoors fine. Cut your new cuttings from a string of pearls. Make your cuttings about four inches long. Be sure your cuttings are clean and smooth. Make sure each cutting has a good amount of the brown stem, not just the tip.
If you want to make more cuttings, take a bunch. Some can be used, others can be used as backup.
Propagating succulents from a string of pearls doesn't take much work, but you do still need to give them some tender loving care. Follow these steps:
Find a flat or a shallow container. The container needs to be lightproof as well as waterproof. You can place it in a window, underneath a grow light, or outside. If you're placing your new cuttings in a window be sure to protect them from the rain. Moisten the soil. Give the soil a good watering so it's cool. Water your new plants about once every week or two. Be sure to water from the bottom.
Caring for String of Pearls
String of pearls is a durable succulent that makes an excellent living gift. Fast growing, it will quickly fill in to a wall of gorgeous, blue-green leaves.
There are hundreds of succulents to choose from, but string of pearls is one of the most popular.
It is a creeping succulent with a unique shape. As the name implies, it is a string of leaves or pearls hanging from a prostrate stem. Its leaves are pointed at the ends and can grow to be about three inches long.
This succulent is low maintenance and requires little light and minimal water. It's primary requirement is infrequent watering. It also needs fully, partially, or mostly indirect light to mimic its natural habitat.
String of pearls trains best to hang in groups, forming a horizontal wall of crisscrossed leaves. This group is called a "string".
Cactus and other plants are often natural companions for succulents. String of pearls looks nice growing over flowing plants and trailing vines.
A string of pearls can form an upright column or "tree" in a large enough container. The more horizontal it grows, the more it will resemble its namesake.
Generally, the plant will never grow taller than twelve inches, and you could train it to grow flat on the ground if you wished.