Monstera Deliciosa Overview
Heliconia rostrata (aka the Monstera deliciosa) is a tropical plant native to the botanical wonderland of subtropical Brazil but now cultivated in most tropical regions, including the U.S. A member of the Araceae family, the Monstera deliciosa is a vine and should be planted against a fence or wall, growing upwards.
The plant grows in a thick spiral shape, with the vines spiraling up to 15 feet, and has large leafs with teeth-like venation, which grow two to twenty-two inches in length. The vines produce a large aerial spike of yellowish flowers.
Monstera deliciosa care is simple, but Monstera growing requires a little care.
Looking to grow your own Heliconia deliciosa? Check out the info below!
All About Monstera Deliciosa
Monstera deliciosa, also known as the split leaf philodendron, is an attractive plant that has a bold, unique look and a number of different uses. This plant’s leaves are thick and waxy, and it is mostly grown in hanging pots, hanging baskets, or as a houseplant that can climb upward. It is really a versatile plant for someone who wants a plant with a lot of character.
There are many different varieties of monstera deliciosa, and the common names vary with the variety. The Philodendron scandens has many kinds of synonyms, including Monstera neglecta and sometimes even Philodendron domesticum.
Monstera allows anyone that wants one to create a stunning display with one of the most dramatic, ornate plants in existence. Because of their waxy, glossy leaves, they are used by florists and those with an interest in interior decorating to create breathtaking displays. These can be used in any decorating style, from the tropical and exotic to that of someone looking for a more formal look.
This plant is also hardy, easy to grow, has a quick growth rate, and is disease resistant. This means it is perfect for those who are looking to add something to their home or to someone that needs a plant that is easy to take care of.
Caring For Monstera Deliciosa
The Monstera deliciosa, or Fruit Monster plant, is one amazing exotic plant. This plant has grown in popularity for home use in recent years and the demand for these plants is high. Some of the newest varieties of the Fruit Monster can grow up to 30 ft. tall! Most are planted in offices for their unique appearance and soothing presence.
Because of the monstera's growing popularity, many newer varieties are hitting the market on a consistent basis. A possible downside can be the lack of information on how to care for these prized plants. Often a monstera purchase on eBay, Craigslist or even online can result in a plant that does not live up to the pictures provided in the ad. This can be a heartbreaking experience for any new plant owner.
In order to get the most out of your monstera plant there are some steps you need to take. Like any houseplant, care and attention is required to give the best life possible to your unique plant. The monstera is a vining plant and will eventually grow to a length where it will require a trellis or stake. The monstera is very heavy and the vines can break under the weight of it's fruits. The plant will get about 30 feet tall in an ideal setting in the right conditions.
But, let's get back to caring for monstera. In its earlier years, you should place the plant in a room with plenty of light. The monstera prefers filtered light.
Light and Temperature
Just like most houseplants, Monstera deliciosa needs to be acclimated gradually into the room’s conditions. Use a heat or grow light timer, if possible, to ensure it receives consistent light. It will need bright light, but will also be slightly more sensitive than most plants to direct sunlight. Find a sunny window in your house and see how your wayward vines do.
Water your plant generously, but allow it to dry out in between waterings. On average, it should be watered every one to five days, depending on the temperature and humidity levels in your home.
Baby plants should be kept at 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit. This can be accomplished with a simple light timer. They grow best at an average daytime temp of 75 degrees.
Water and Humidity
The Keys To Plant Growth
The sweet, succulent leaves that line the monstera plant are the edible part of the plant. They do require some special attention, but are easy to grow. As with any plant, you'll need to provide water and good nutrition for the plant. If you are hoping to see leaves, you'll need to provide humidity along with ample sunlight.
The soil for your Monstera should be very rich compost planting mix, and have a mixture of loam and sand. Do no use only sand or only soil. These are slow-growing epiphytes (used to growing in soil, but with aerial roots adjusting to life in pots and hanging baskets), so the difference between loam and sand is not great, and as long as your Monstera are happy and healthy, you can make do with either.
Very rich compost planting mix is one that is very easy for roots to colonize. This ensures that the soil will not steal your Monstera's valuable nutrients, because, Monstera plants grow in soil, but they are adapted to growing in soil in much the same way as the fish adapted to growing in a swamp (swamp fish, swamp Monsteras).
The more water drains through the soil, the easier it is for roots to hold on and the more nutrition they are able to sift from the soil. With rich compost planting mix, your Monstera will be able to access maximum nutrition.
This ensures your plant grows into the specimen that you want. Your Monstera will also grow and live better.
Like other indoor plants, Monstera Deliciosa do best when they are provided with the right fertilizer for their needs. Since Monstera Deliciosa grows in a pot, it must be given plenty of fertilizer throughout its life. Most of the time, home gardeners use either table fertilizers or flower fertilizers. The same fertilizer can be used throughout its life.
However, there is a need to change the fertilizer along the way. Initially, you need to use a fertilizer with more nitrogen because that is what the plant needs at this stage of its life. High nitrogen fertilizers should also be used since they help to stimulate the growth of the plant.
As the Monstera Deliciosa matures, the frequency of fertilization should change along with the type of fertilizer. At this point, home gardeners should switch to a non-acid fertilizer. This will help to improve the Monstera Deliciosa’s color and prevent the growth of fungi.
Since it is also important to provide the Monstera Deliciosa with the amount of water it needs, you must pay attention to the soil, as well.
Monstera Deliciosa roots are not viable under warm conditions. So it is not recommended that the use of "stratification" (or the cold treatment) be performed on Monstera. However, it is best to wait until the temperatures are above 50 degrees to plant your seeds … It should just be warm enough that the pot hasn't been in the sun all day. Letting your pot get too hot can dry up your potting soil and kill your young plants.
At the flipside, Monstera roots are very tender and will rot in water that is too cold. So be careful not to let your seedling roots get too chilled.
Monstera deliciosa can take a wide range of conditions … It is possible to get leggy or pale green versions of your plant, but they will grow back out and full-up after a few weeks of healthy growth. It is recommended that your plant be a bright and healthy green before transplanting. If you notice any damage or disease to your plant, be sure to treat it immediately. If your plant has any problems, even minor ones, it will grow back healthy if you nurture it properly.
It is best to avoid any major pruning until your plant is a few years old. However, it is a good idea to trim off any damaged areas.
Monstera deliciosa needs to be repotted about every 18 months. The plant grows a great deal during this time, so it is necessary to repot the plant into a larger pot. It is also believed that repotting plants grown in relatively small pots will cause a more vigorous growth rate and a larger plant overall.
It is very important to do this in the proper time period. If Monstera deliciosa is grown in the proper conditions, it is very easy to propagate. A cutting from the main plant can be taken and grown in water, then simply rooted when the cutting gets large enough. Plant roots will still continue to grow from the parent plant.
If you plant the cutting too early in life, it will begin to grow into your pot and may never be able to be removed. It will become a permanent addition to your home. If the cutting becomes too large too early, the roots will twist and turn. They will not be able to be separated from the parent plant and you will have issues removing the plant from the pot. When you need to repot, you should take a cutting as wide as your finger from the plant. It is best to do this in the summer or spring when water levels are lower. Larger Monstera deliciosa will not be damaged by the repotting process, so take a very large section if you have a big pot.
Training & Pruning
Monstera deliciosa, or the Chinese Restaurant Monster, is a wonderful plant to own. It's a very invasive vine that grows without much help in your home.
Monsteras enjoy bright, indirect light. If you put them in full-on sunlight, your leaves will actually burn and turn completely yellow. Instead, choose an area that is gets good sunlight but does not bask in it. For example, if your windows are north facing and you choose to put your monstera in that area, that would be considered pretty good light. You'll know if you've over-lit your plant if it starts to get yellow and blotchy. If this happens, you'll need to move it into a darker area.
Water your monstera regularly. When in doubt, do the "finger-test". Stick one finger in the soil and if it feels dry, it needs water. Even better, this wonderful vine increases oxygen levels in your home so it will benefit from more frequent watering.
Fertilize once a month during the summer and every other month during the winter. Do not fertilize during the fall and winter as you will be subjecting your plant to root rot. Do not give it fertilizer when it is not actively growing.
Monstera Deliciosa Fruit: How To Eat It Safely
The word Monstera Deliciosa translates to “Delicious Monster”. It is a tropical vine plant from Central America that produces a pineapple-like fruit.
The key word here is fruit. This fruit is not a vegetable (apple, tomato, zucchini), so even though it is flavorful it should not be eaten as a staple.
It's a treat!
But the thing that makes it a delicacy is a bit of a double-edged sword. The fruit, often called a Viejo, or Big leaf Victoria, is big. In fact, depending on the species it can be very scary big.
A full-grown fruits can be 4– long and 2– across. It has a hard peel and you should not simply bite into it as you would an apple. It is not going to immediately turn into a Monstera Deliciosa fruit roll-up. It's texture is similar to buttery squash and its flavor is a citrusy, hint of pineapple.
How Not To Eat It:
Don't peel it! It's very hard to peel.
Don't cut it! It won't cut as you would expect with a knife.
Don't blow it up! That's a bad idea all around!
How To Eat It:
Monstera Deliciosa Problems
One common problem that Monstera cultivators face is the algae. It can be more of a problem than most people expect. The monstera is one of the easiest houseplants to take care of. It doesn’t need much light or effort. But the other side of the coin is that it doesn’t need much water either.
The problem with not enough water is the creation of algae, which tends to grow rapidly. To solve this issue, you should try to water the plant. It should be done with tap water that has been left to stand for 24 hours so that the chlorine can evaporate.
Another problem that is often encountered is getting brown spots on the leaves. This is a sign of dry soil. It is important that your soil should get the proper amount of water. When the soil is dry, the leaves lose moisture through the leaves. This will cause the leaves to shrivel, and this will ultimately cause the leaves to have brown spots. To prevent this, make sure to water the plant sufficiently.
The main cause of leaf loss is usually over-watering. If the leaves curl and turn brown, chances are, you are watering the plant too much.
Some people just do not seem to have any success raising Monstera Deliciosa. This is one of those plants that are almost too attractive to be true – growing to big leaves that look like the love child of a palm and the many-headed snake plant. However, in order to grow Monstera deliciosa, you need to give it a little special attention. Many people do not understand that Monstera deliciosa is a vine-like plant, so they plant it in a pot in sunny window, only to have it wither and die. To grow it successfully, you really have to make sure that you understand the type of environment that it needs to thrive.
First off, try to plant your Monstera deliciosa in the ground to give it the best chance of success. If you do this, make sure to plant it in an area that gets bright light, but is partially shaded. This plant also likes some humidity, so be sure to water it a bit more often than regular plants. Forgetting to water it or giving it too much water are two of the most common problems with Monstera deliciosa, so you should try to avoid these problems as much as possible. Also, be careful about removing the dead leaves as they could be infested with mites.
Problems, and Diseases.
The Monstera Deliciosa, or the Delicious Monster, is one of the most beautiful houseplants you can grow indoors. Its huge leaves, contrasting colors and the plant's ability to grow up to 8 feet in height make it one of the most popular plants for natural indoor environments.
However, most of the time, the Monstera Deliciosa is a low maintenance houseplant that thrives when it's grown in the usual guidelines for indoor plants. Despite its beauty, it does have a couple of little issues that you should be aware of.
This guide will help you recognize problems that may occur, while also recommending ways for you to treat any outbreaks.
Though Monstera Deliciosa is relatively hardy, it does have a few issues that it is susceptible to. Here are some of the most common diseases that trouble this plant.
Broad mite damage. The broad mite feeds on the leaves of the Monstera Deliciosa. A thick coat of white webbing can appear on the plant. You can see mites moving along the webbing. If you want to know how to get rid of this mite, you can use some leaf shine. These shining products will spread over the leaf, which will disrupt the mites' breeding cycle by eliminating the food they use to feed their offspring. Do be careful with the product you choose, as many shine sprays have pesticides in them, which can harm both you and your plant.
Frequently Asked Questions
Here are some frequently asked questions about the plant known as Monstera deliciosa:
- How do I water a Monstera deliciosa?
- Should I water the plant every day?
- What type of fertilizer does the Monstera deliciosa like?
- When do I fertilize the plant?
- Do I need to prune the Monstera?
- Where does the Monstera deliciosa Come from?
- How does the Monstera deliciosa grow?
- What zones are they grown in?
- Should I repot the Monstery deliciosa in the winter?
- What kind of conditions should they live in?
- Do they need a lot of light?
- How do I prevent the plant from rotting?
- My plant is turning yellow/brown. What do I do?
- How do I know if there is a problem with my plant?
- I have a huge plant. How do I make it smaller?
Q: Are there other uses for monstera deliciosa?
A: Yes, monstera deliciosa is sometimes grown commercially since it’s an excellent container plant, so it’s usually easy to get a hold of a cutting if you ever want to try this type of gardening.